#0338 – SQL Server – Recursive CTE – Script to generate a simple multiplication table

I was explaining recursive CTEs recently, and had to come up with a practical example for the CTE implementation. One of the first use cases that came to mind was the creation of a simple multiplication table. Now that the script is created, I thought that you may also find it useful sometime in the future.

USE tempdb;

–Generate basic mathematical tables using Recursive CTE
DECLARE @inputValue INT = 2;
DECLARE @targetMultiplicationFactor INT = 20;

–Define the CTE to generate a mathematical table
;WITH GenerateTablesCTE (Input, MultiplicationFactor, Result)
–Anchor member
SELECT @inputValue AS Input,
1 AS MultiplicationFactor,
(@inputValue * 1) AS Result
–Recursive member
SELECT @inputValue AS Input,
(gtCTE.MultiplicationFactor + 1) AS MultiplicationFactor,
(@inputValue * (gtCTE.MultiplicationFactor + 1)) AS Result
FROM GenerateTablesCTE AS gtCTE
WHERE gtCTE.MultiplicationFactor < @targetMultiplicationFactor
SELECT ogtCTE.Input,
FROM GenerateTablesCTE AS ogtCTE;

Here’s the result:


This script can be used to populate a tally/look-up table.

Further Reading

  • Multiplication Table [Wikipedia Link]

Until we meet next time,

Be courteous. Drive responsibly.


1 thought on “#0338 – SQL Server – Recursive CTE – Script to generate a simple multiplication table

  1. Jeff Moden

    Ooooo, be careful. Using rCTEs to count is as bad as or worse than any While loop to accomplish the same thing. They’re real resource hogs, to boot. Please see the following article before you even think of using an rCTE that counts or does similar RBAR things. And, yeah… it’s RBAR as you’ll see in the article.
    [link text][1]

    [1]: http://www.sqlservercentral.com/articles/T-SQL/74118/



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