High-level usage of the File Ordering script task

#0394 – SQL Server – SSIS – ForEach Loop – Controlling processing order

One of the SSIS related questions that I see often in the forums is around the ability to control the sequence in which a For Each Loop processes the files from a directory. When performing data movement as part of an ETL or an integration, it may be required to work asynchronously. The “sender” of the data may place the files in a folder for the data processing to pickup. These files generally contain ordered data that needs to be loaded in a specific sequence.

The problem is that the SSIS For Each Loop container does not have the provision that allows a user to specify the order in which the files are to be processed. Today, I present one of the workarounds that I came up with (there may be others, and I would be very interested to know what do you prefer in these scenarios).

Environment Prep

To demonstrate the ordered loading of files, I created a set of simple files  and a table to which I will be adding the data read from these files.

USE [tempdb];

IF OBJECT_ID('dbo.ImportedData','U') IS NOT NULL
    DROP TABLE dbo.ImportedData;

CREATE TABLE dbo.ImportedData 
   (RecordId           INT          NOT NULL IDENTITY(1,1),
    ProcessedFileName  NVARCHAR(255) NOT NULL,
    RecordValue        NVARCHAR(100)     NULL,
    ProcessedDate      DATETIME     NOT NULL,
    CONSTRAINT pk_ImportedData PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED (RecordId, ProcessedDate)

To demonstrate the fix, I will not be processing the files in order of their file names, but I will instead be processing them in order of  the date on which they were last saved. The screenshot below shows the order in which files will be processed.

Folder showing files to process in the required non-alphabetical order

Folder showing files to process in the required non-alphabetical order

Core Logic – Identify the Order of the Files to Process

The For Each container is just a mechanism to loop through a set (of objects/files/records). It does not have the provision to control the order in which the set is to be iterated through.

Hence, the workaround that I came up with was to supply a pre-ordered set to the For Each container. I therefore used a script task to order the filenames in a recordset object which I will pass to the For Each container.

As shown below, I pass the path to the folder where the files are located, and accept the sorted list into an object.

High-level usage of the File Ordering script task

High-level usage of the File Ordering script task

The script used within the script task which is also the heart of this solution is provided below.

public void Main()
    // TODO: Add your code here
    DirectoryInfo di = new DirectoryInfo((string)Dts.Variables["User::FolderPath"].Value);
    List<string> files = new List<string>();

    foreach (var fi in di.EnumerateFiles().OrderBy(t=>t.LastWriteTime))

    Dts.Variables["User::FileListing"].Value = files;

    Dts.TaskResult = (int)ScriptResults.Success;

Process the File

The  next stage is simply to process the file.

  • The sorted set of files is iterated upon by the For Each container
  • I have a script task that simply prints out a message box with the file being processed currently
  • The data flow task simply reads from the file and writes to a conventional OLE DB destination

Screenshots showing these bits of the configuration are provided below.


For Each Loop Iteration Configuration


For Each Loop File Name configuration


Setting the file connection based on the File Name set by For Each Iterator

If I execute the SSIS package and then query the destination table, we see that the files were indeed ordered in the expected order.

USE [tempdb];
FROM dbo.ImportedData 
WHERE RecordValue LIKE '%1%';

Output of script to confirm that data was loaded in the required sequence

Further Reading

Until we meet next time,

Be courteous. Drive responsibly.


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